Remove Nth Node From End of List

Oct 07, 2017

打卡,第14天

今天的题目是Remove Nth Node From End of List,一开始以为是道很简单的题目,后来看dicuss时才发现是自己没看清题目。

Given a linked list, remove the nth node from the end of list and return its head.

For example, Given linked list: 1->2->3->4->5, and n = 2.

After removing the second node from the end, the linked list becomes 1->2->3->5. Note: Given n will always be valid. Try to do this in one pass.

一开始没看到Try to do this in one pass.,然后就用两遍遍历方法去做了:

int getRightN(ListNode *head,int n) {
    ListNode *p = head;
    int size = 0;
    while(p != nullptr) {
        p = p->next;
        size++;
    }
    return size - n;
}
ListNode* removeNthFromEnd(ListNode* head, int n) {
    ListNode h(0);
    h.next = head;
    ListNode *p = &h;

    int k = getRightN(p,n);
    while(--k)
        p=p->next;

    head = p->next;
    p->next = head->next;
    delete head;
    return h.next;
}

上面这个方法太简单了,还是看看在dicuss中的方法吧:

ListNode *removeNthFromEnd(ListNode *head, int n) 
{
    if (!head)
        return nullptr;

    ListNode new_head(-1);
    new_head.next = head;

    ListNode *slow = &new_head, *fast = &new_head;

    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        fast = fast->next;

    while (fast->next)
    {
        fast = fast->next;
        slow = slow->next;
    }

    ListNode *to_de_deleted = slow->next;
    slow->next = slow->next->next;

    delete to_be_deleted;

    return new_head.next;
}

这个看起来会比较简单,想法就是利用快慢指针去做,先让fast指针先走n步,然后在fast指针和slow指针一起移动,这样fastslow始终保持着n个节点的距离,当fast为最后一个节点时,slow就指向倒数第n+1个节点,这时就可以把倒数第n个节点删掉了。

有一个更简洁的版本,不过有点难懂就是了:

ListNode* removeNthFromEnd(ListNode* head, int n)
{
    ListNode** t1 = &head, *t2 = head;
    for(int i = 1; i < n; ++i)
    {
        t2 = t2->next;
    }
    while(t2->next != NULL)
    {
        t1 = &((*t1)->next);
        t2 = t2->next;
    }
    *t1 = (*t1)->next;
    return head;
}

这个和上一个的思路其实是完全一样的,只是实现方法思路不一样就是,这里的t1是指向某个节点(包括一开始时虚拟的头结点)的next指针的指针。

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